EXECUTIVE SUMMARY NEW REPORT EXAMINES RIGHTS VIOLATIONS BY CHINESE BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN LATIN AMERICA .
China has become a strategic actor for the financing and construction of large development projects in Latin America, generating a direct impact on the lives and rights of Latin Americans. This is worrying, even more so, knowing that 21 countries in the region have already joined the China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)– a global infrastructure development strategy to invest in nearly 70 countries and international organizations.
The Chinese government has participated in three cycles of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR: 2009, 2013, and 2018), and in the last one, the Collective on Chinese Financing and Investments, Human Rights and the Environment (CICDHA) prepared eight “Shadow Reports” on its extraterritorial responsibility regarding the activities of its companies and banks in Latin America. Thanks to this advocacy process, China assumed several commitments accepting six recommendations that correspond to the fulfillment of extraterritorial obligations by the government aimed at respecting and protecting human rights and the environment in all its business operations outside of China.